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After Five-Decade-Long British Cover up, Victims of Ballymurphy Massacre Proved Innocent

In a historic victory for truth and justice, a judge in Belfast declared that all the 10 victims killed by British paratroopers in the 1971 Ballymurphy massacre in Northern Ireland were innocent

10 victims of the Ballymurphy massacre (top row, from left): Joseph Corr, Danny Teggart, Eddie Doherty, Fr. Hugh Mullan and Frank Quinn. (Bottom row from left): Joan Connolly, John McKerr, Noel Phillips, John Laverty and Joseph Murphy. (Photo: via Communist party of Ireland)

In a historic declaration on May 11,  Justice Siobhan Keegan in Belfast ruled that all 10 victims in the 1971 Ballymurphy massacre were “entirely innocent of any wrongdoing.” The judge held that they were killed by British paratroopers “without justification” in unilateral shooting during the Troubles era in Northern Ireland.

The declaration has brought relief to the grieving families of victims, who have been fighting for justice which was delayed by five decades. UK prime minister Boris Johnson sent an official apology to Northern Ireland’s first minister through a letter. UK’s northern secretary Brandon Lewis also apologized in a statement in the House of Commons on May 13.

However, relatives of the victims have demanded that Johnson make a public statement in the house to apologize for the British forces’ role in the massacre. Progressive sections in Ireland also slammed Johnson’s response as an inappropriate gesture and called for a public statement from the prime minister. 

Around fifty years ago, during the conflict in Northern Ireland between the Irish Republican revolutionaries and the British forces and paramilitaries, commonly referred to as the Troubles (1960-1990), the 1st battalion of the British Army’s Parachute Regiment shot and killed 10 civilians in Ballymurphy, Belfast, in Northern Ireland. The executions took place during a raid on alleged members of the provisional IRA between August 9-11, 1971. Even after peace was restored in Northern Ireland through the Good Friday Agreement on April 10, 1998, ending the Troubles, investigations into ‘Trouble era’ crimes by the British forces invoked much furor and controversies. In most of the cases, the British army tried to defend their actions by portraying the victims as armed militants from the Provisional IRA who were attempting sabotage activities. 

The inquiry report by the Saville Commission published in 2010 indicted the British troops for killing 13 protesters in the notorious ‘Bloody Sunday’ massacre at Derry, Northern Ireland on January 30, 1972. This sparked outrage and forced the then UK prime minister David Cameron to officially apologize in the House of Commons for the actions of the British troops. The coroner’s declaration on the Ballymurphy massacre has been made following an inquest started in 2018.

Northern Ireland’s deputy first minister Michelle O’Neill, from Sinn Fein, described the findings by the coroner as “a day for truth and for the Ballymurphy families as the British state’s murder has been exposed.” She said that the Ballymurphy killings were “state murder and for decades the British government have covered it up. Now the truth has been laid bare for all to see.”

The Communist Party of Ireland (CPI) has stated that the verdict is a “victory for the families and their supporters and a testimony to their unshakable belief held for 50 years that their loved ones were completely innocent and that they had been murdered by the British Army.”

“The verdict once again brings out into the open the role of the British state forces in the death of many hundreds of innocent people as well as the killing of hundreds of political opponents.There are many more cases like the Ballymurphy massacre. The British state killings should not be allowed to be swept under the carpet nor a moratorium on historical crimes be introduced.” CPI said.

The Workers Party of Ireland has also welcomed the verdict and called for an immediate investigation against the paratroopers and their captain, Gen. Sir Mike Jackson, who were responsible for the murder of the 10 unarmed civilians in Ballymurphy.

Courtesy: Peoples Dispatch

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