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China Rules Out India's NSG Entry Sans Specific Plan on Allowing Non-NPT Nations

Beijing’s goal is to uphold non-proliferation and the NPT which is the cornerstone of the international arms control system, its Foreign Ministry said.
China Rules Out India's NSG Entry Sans Specific Plan on Allowing Non-NPT Nations

Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

Beijing: China on Friday said that there would be no discussion on India's entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) before reaching a specific plan on non-NPT members' participation in the elite grouping, as it declined to give a timeline to reach a consensus among member states on this issue.

Ever since India applied for the membership of the NSG in May 2016, China has been insisting that only those countries which have signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) should be allowed to enter the organisation.

The NSG is a 48-member grouping which regulates global nuclear commerce.

India and Pakistan are not signatories of the NPT. After India's application, Pakistan, too, applied for NSG membership in 2016.

Answering questions whether there was any change in China's stand on India's entry into the NSG which is holding its plenary meeting in Astana, Kazakhstan on June 20-21, China's Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang told a media briefing here that the group would not discuss the entry of countries who have not signed the NPT "before reaching a specific plan".

"So, there is no discussion on India's participation," he said.

China, while blocking India's entry into the NSG, has called for a two-step plan that stipulates the need for the NSG members to arrive at a set of principles for the entry non-NPT states and then move forward discussions of specific cases.

Lu said Beijing was not blocking New Delhi's entry and reiterated Beijing's stand that rules and procedures of the NSG should be followed.

"There is no blocking by certain members. Because there are procedures in the NSG and members make decisions according to the procedures and proceedings. As far as I know, this plenary meeting is being held and there will be discussions on the NPT non-parties participation and the political and legal issues concerning that," he said.

"Before reaching a specific plan, the NSG will not discuss the participation of certain NPT non-party (countries who have not signed NPT). So, there is no discussion on India's participation," he said. 

"As far China's position is concerned, we respect the NSG rules and regulations and we will seek non-discriminatory solution that can be accepted by all," he said.

On India's assertion that majority of the NSG member states backed its entry while China continued to block it, Lu said, "I cannot say for India whether China is blocking it. But I must say that the NSG is a non-proliferation mechanism multilaterally and there are certain rules and procedures and all members must follow the rules and procedures. And the decisions must be based on consensus".

"The entry of India or any other country, I believe, is an internal affair of the NSG to discuss. So, we are doing it totally in accordance with rules within this mechanism," he said. 

"As for the plan, we still need more consultation and we cannot predict one year, two years whether any time period to have consensus but the decision must be based on consensus," he said.

Asked whether there was any progress on this in the India-China bilateral dialogue on non-proliferation issues, he said, "I don't have any specific answer".

He said foreign ministry officials from the disarmament departments of both the countries have been holding talks.

"I can check on more specific details for you. I would like to add that in the NSG meetings and in the working group meetings, as we have said, China's position…is not targeting on any specific country, but they are based on the NSG rules and procedures. Our goal is to uphold non-proliferation and the NPT which is the cornerstone of the international arms control system”, he said.

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