Untimely Rains, Hailstorm Have Damaged About 20% Mango Crop: ICAR
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New Delhi: The mango crop in the country has been damaged up to 20% because of untimely rains, hailstorm and strong wind, according to senior ICAR officials.
Many mango growers said the damage has been huge in North India due to hailstorm and thunderstorm.
Mango is an important fruit crop in India and popularly called the 'King of Fruits'. India is a major mango growing country, contributing nearly 42% of the world’s production.
Since the past few days, unseasonal rains, hailstorm and gusty winds due to western disturbance have impacted both foodgrain and horticultural crops in some parts of the country.
"First untimely rains did not cause damage, but later rains and hailstorm have badly impacted the mango crop. We anticipate the total damage to be about 20% as of now," Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR) Deputy Director General (Horticulture) A K Singh told PTI.
The frequency of the mango crop loss has been more in North India, especially Uttar Pradesh which is a leading mango producing state in the country. The anticipated mango crop loss in North India alone is about 30%, while in South India the damage is less than 8%, he said.
However, the fresh data is awaited from states, he added.
Lucknow-based mango grower Upendra Singh, who owns a five-hectare mango orchard, said, "There has been up to 75% damage due to hailstorm in Maal-Malihabad mango hub area. In places where there was only untimely rains and no hailstorm, the damage has been less."
"The mango crop condition till March 19 was the best in the last 30 years. From March 20, unseasonal rains and hail have brought huge damage," he said and added that high moisture during the flowering stage has led to black fungus.
Tafari Farmer Producer Company Director Atul Kumar Awasthi said, "Fruits had set in but strong thunderstorm and strong wind led to fruit drops and the crop damage is estimated to be about 25%."
The high moisture has caused pest infestation in mango trees in some parts. This will affect availability of quality mangoes for export purposes, he said.
ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture Director T Damodaran said there has been up to 50% damage in Maal-Malihabad belt bordering Sitapur district mainly because of thunderstorm and hailstorm.
Otherwise, the crop condition is "very good" in six out of seven major mango-growing districts including Lucknow, Hardoi, Kushinagar, Gorakhpur, Aligarh, Saharanpur and Barabanki, he said.
The country's mango production was at 210 lakh tonne in the 2021-22 crop year (July-June), as against 203.86 lakh tonnes in the previous year, as per government data.
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